Ravi Govindram Kewalramani, Sebastian Pose, Ingo Riehl, Tobias Fieback
Abstract: In the present work a fundamental numerical model is implemented in the open source framework, finite volume method (FVM) based computational fluid dynamics (CFD) program OpenFOAM®, to tackle the solid-liquid phase change phenomena in the presence of gas phase. The volume of fluid (VoF) method is employed to distinguish between the phase change material (PCM) and the gas phase, and the enthalpyporosity method is adopted to capture the moving boundary phase change phenomena in the PCM. The discussed model is validated against the well documented cases in the literature i.e., 1D Stefan problem, melting of gallium and free surface thermocapillary flow with phase change. The simulation results are in very good agreement with those found in the literature. Finally, experiments are performed with partially filled paraffin wax (Rubitherm® RT31) in the presence of air in an enclosure. The left and right walls of the enclosure are made of aluminum plates and maintained at different temperatures while the remaining walls are made of Plexiglas. The temporal evolution of the melting front during melting obtained from the discussed numerical model is compared with experiments.
Keywords: CFD, Enthalpy-porosity method, Multiphase flows, OpenFOAM®, PCM, Solid-liquid phase change, Thermocapillary flow, VoF
Date Published: March 5, 2020 DOI: 10.11159/jffhmt.2020.001View Article